John Steinbeck was born on 27th February 1902. He was given the name John Ernst Steinbeck III. He belonged to the first-generation of American of German descent. His father worked for the county government of the City of the Salinas. His father was the treasurer while his mother, Olive served as a teacher. Steinbeck studied in Stanford University from 1919 to 1925. However, he attended classes off and on to develop his skills as a freelance writer. During the Second World War (1939-1945), he worked as a war correspondence for the New York Herald Tribune.
John Steinbeck’s literary works are remarkable and known throughout the world. He has written a number of novels: ‘Cup of Gold’, ‘To A God Unknown’, ‘The Red Pony’, ‘The Moon is Moon’ ‘Cannery Row’’ East of Eden’ and other works of fiction.
His novel ‘Of Mice and Men’ which was published in 1937 brought him great fame and admiration. However, it was his novel ‘The Grapes of Wrath’ that was considered a masterpiece in literary work. The novel was published in 1939. This novel won him the Pulitzer Prize in 1940. His works reflected the compassion for realism in modern fiction. In 1947, He was elected to the Academy of Arts and Letters.
Steinbeck received the prestigious Nobel Prize for Literature in 1962 for his contributions to the literary world. Steinbeck wrote on the essence of human compassions, spirits, struggles and hope for mankind. He also highlighted the struggle for personal independence in his works. In 1964, he was conferred the United States Medal of Freedom by President Johnson. John Steinbeck died on 20th December 1968, but his literary works live on.